Flat as a pan cake, that’s what basically describes the Netherlands. Great differences in elevation between the various parts in the country, therefore, are absent. Areas located in the north and west at less than 1 m (3.2 ft) above sea level, from the more elevated "High Netherlands" in the south and east, which reaches an altitude of 322.5 m (1,057.8 ft) in the extreme southeast.
Approximately a third of the entire country lies below sea level at high tide. Another 25% is so low-lying that it would be subject to inundation if it were not for the surrounding sand dunes (great beaches, but not very hot in Summer) and dikes and the regular pumping of excess water.
An area surrounded by dikes where the water table can be controlled is called a polder . The lowest point is 6.7 m (22 ft) below mean sea level, immediately to the northeast of Rotterdam.
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